What is Raman spectroscopy? Amazing Overview

raman spectroscopy

Raman Spectroscopy: In analytical chemistry, vibrational, rotational, and other low-frequency modes of a system are studied using Raman spectroscopy. This method depends on the inelastic scattering of monochromatic light, often emitted by a laser source, in which photons interact with a sample’s chemical bonds to produce energy changes indicative of the molecular structure. This method … Read more

Polar vs. Nonpolar Covalent Bonds (with applications): Understanding the Difference / Amazing Guide

nonpolar covalent bond

Introduction: The chemistry of the molecules that make up our world is based on covalent bonding. A covalent bond is formed through the sharing of electrons to form a stable electronic configuration of atoms. Atoms that have different and similar electronegativities create covalent connections. Electronegativity is defined as the ability of an atom to attract electrons … Read more

Solute vs Solvent: Amazing Overview, Definition and 11 Difference

solute vs solvent

Solute vs Solvent: The Solute: A solute is a substance in chemistry that dissolves in some solvent and forms a solution. Dissolution is the action of a solute dissolving in a solvent. A homogeneous mixture is created when a solute is combined with a solvent, causing it to spread uniformly across the solvent. The molarity … Read more

Chemistry Behind Phenol peel (process with 10 easy steps): A Complete Overview

Phenol peel

A phenol peel is a specialized chemical peel that contains phenol, a strong organic compound also known as carbolic acid, as its active ingredient. The phenol peel is categorized as a deep chemical peel, delving deeply into the skin layers to start a controlled exfoliation process, in contrast to gentler chemical peels. This results in … Read more

Foaming Agent and Its 5 Types/Complete Amazing Overview

Foaming agent

Foaming agents, commonly referred to as surfactants, are chemicals that reduce the surface tension between liquids and solids. They frequently produce foam or bubbles, which can have numerous practical and aesthetic advantages in a variety of products and sectors. Here are some popular uses and foaming agent categories: Types of Foaming Agents: Natural foaming agents: Natural … Read more

Singlet Fission and 4 Electronic States: Amazing Overview

singlet fission

Singlet Fission Introduction: In a photophysical process called singlet fission (SF), a singlet excited state converts or splits into two excited triplet states, and each triplet state has half as much energy as the singlet excited state. Initially, in the 1960s and 1970s, SF used theory to observe the delayed fluorescence in acene crystals. Interest … Read more

Ionization energy:

Ionization energy

The energy required to remove the outermost shell electron in isolated gaseous atom when present in ground state is called Ionization energy (I.E). It is an elemental and thermodynamic property also termed as ionization potential and ionization enthalpy. It is also an endothermic process. The ionization energy units are ev, kjmol-1, and kcalmol-1 and they … Read more